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risk assessment home Are Risk Assessments required by law in the UK?

Other than domestic dwellings, most other premises in the UK need a fire risk assessment by law. See below for details of what constitutes non-domestic premises’. In England & Wales the relevant legislation is The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005. Similar legislation applies to Scotland and Northern Ireland. Learn more on The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005

Fire Risk Assessments in the Workplace

You must carry out a fire risk assessment in respect of a workplace, and keep it up to date. You must also keep a written record of your fire risk assessment if your business has 5 or more people.

What can happen if I don’t comply with fire legislation?

If you don’t comply with fire safety regulations, you can be fined or even be sent to prison in some circumstances.

Who is responsible for fire safety and 'the responsible person'

The person(s) who has control of the premises is known as the ‘responsible person’ for fire safety purposes in respect of a business, or in other non-domestic premises.

You are the ‘responsible person’ if you are:

    • The owner
    • The landlord
    • The employer
    • The occupier
    • Have control of the premises. This could be, e.g. a manager or an agent who has control.
    • Have paying guests 

Sometimes there can be more than one ‘responsible person’, e.g. in shared premises, and in such cases they will need to co-operate and work together to manage their responsibilities.

What are non-domestic premises?

  • ‘Non-domestic premises’ has a wide meaning and are:

  • all workplaces and commercial premises

  • all premises that the public have access to

  • the common areas of multi-occupied residential buildings 

Am I allowed to carry out my own fire risk assessment?

You can carry out your own fire risk assessment but you need to consider whether you are competent to do it.

You also need to remember that if the fire risk assessment identifies any risks, regardless of who actually carried out the fire risk assessment, the identified risks still need to be acted upon.  

Even if you use the services of a professional fire risk assessor, please be aware that the ‘responsible person’ still needs to be involved in the fire risk assessment process. 

What Blackwood Fire can do for You

Fire Protection Services Types of Business

We carry out Fire Risk Assessment services for organisations covering a wide range of premises and workplaces in:  

  • Industry                                      
  • Catering
  • Offices
  • Public sector
  • Health organisations
  • Care homes
  • Surgeries
  • Shops
  • Factories
  • Garages & petrol stations
  • Pubs & clubs
  • Chapels & churches,
  • Recreational & youth facilities
  • and many other types of situation.

Our fire risk assessors have considerable experience and we offer a full and detailed survey of the relevant premises and present any findings and recommendations in a written report that will assist you in complying with relevant legislation.

The Areas Where We Provide Our Services and Products

Our services, including Fire Risk Assessment and Fire Risk Assessment Reviews, are provided primarily across Wales and the west of England, including the major cities of Cardiff, Bristol, Swansea, Newport , Hereford, Gloucester and the surrounding areas, but also further afield.

Contact us now for further information on Fire Risk Assessment, no matter how big or small or your requirements.All site surveys and quotes are FREE and without obligation. 

The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005

The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 replaces previous fire safety legislation. 

Any fire certificate issued under the Fire Precautions Act 1971 is now withdrawn. If a fire certificate has been issued in respect of your premises or the premises were built to recent building regulations, as long as you have made no material alterations and all the physical fire precautions have been properly maintained, then it is unlikely you will need to make any significant improvements to your existing physical fire protection arrangements to comply with the Order.

However, you must still:

  • Carry out a fire risk assessment
  • Keep it up to date to ensure that all the fire precautions in your premises remain current and adequate.

If you have previously carried out a fire risk assessment under the Fire Precautions (Workplace) Regulations 1997, as amended 1999, and this assessment has been regularly reviewed, then all you will need to do now is revise that assessment taking account of the wider scope of the Order as described in this guide.

Your premises may also be subject to the provisions of a license or registration (e.g. under the Licensing Act 2003) and the Fire Authority may wish to review your fire risk assessment as part of the licensing approval process.

Fire safety conditions within your license should not be set by a licensing authority where the Order applies.

The person, people or organisation in control of the premises, the 'Responsible Person', that previously held a Fire Certificate, will now have to assess the fire risks in all those premises, i.e.

1. Carry out a Fire Risk Assessment 

2. Provide and Maintain: 

  • Means for detecting and giving warning in case of fire 
  • Means of escape and Emergency Lighting 
  • Fire Safety Signs 
  • Fire Fighting Equipment 
  • Monitor and review the Risk Assessment and revise as needed on an annual basis. 
  • Inform staff or their representative of the risks. 
  • Plan for an emergency. 
  • Provide staff information and training. 
  • Nominate persons to assist. 
  • The objective of the assessment

The Objective of The Fire Risk Assessment

The principle of the Regulations and the Risk Assessment approach is goal based and is flexible to Employers’ needs. 

The Employer generates the risk in the workplace, therefore to safeguard the safety of employees, the Employer must:

1. Identify fire hazards.

2. Identify people at risk.

3. Evaluate, remove, reduce and protect from risk.

4. Manage the remaining risks to acceptable levels by:

  • Ensuring that all occupants are alerted and can leave the premises safely in the event of fire
  • Reducing the probability of a fire starting.
  • Limiting the effects should a fire occur

5. Review and revise the assessment. Fire risk assessment

How do I arrange a Fire Risk Assessment or Review?

Please contact us  for a no obligation discussion. We can provide you with professional advice to assist you in meeting your legal responsibilities.

All site surveys and quotes are FREE.


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